Macadamia nuts, also referred to as macadamia nuts, are encased in a tough, brown shell and feature a creamy white interior with a sweet taste. These nuts are rich in healthy fats that are beneficial for lowering bad cholesterol levels and increasing good cholesterol, thus promoting a healthy cardiovascular system and preventing the development of atherosclerosis.
The macadamia tree is a perennial genus that reaches a height of 2–12 meters (7–40 feet). Its leaves are arranged in clusters of three to six, varying in shape from lanceolate to obovate or elliptic. They measure 6–30 cm (2–10 inches) in length and 3–13 cm (1–5 inches) in width, featuring either an entire or spiny-serrated edge. The tree produces flowers in an elongated, slender raceme, spanning 5–30 cm (2–10 inches) in length, with individual flowers measuring 10–15 mm (0.4–0.6 inches) long. These flowers can range from white to pink or purple and have four tepals. The fruit is a tough, woody, spherical follicle with a pointed tip, enclosing one or two seeds.
What is use of Macadamia Nuts?
Macadamia nuts are a highly nutritious seed enjoyed by many people, and they are used in various culinary applications worldwide. They can be consumed directly in several forms, including baked, roasted, or dried. Additionally, macadamias are used in the production of various food products such as macadamia milk, chocolate, cakes, biscuits, and macadamia candies.
Furthermore, macadamia nuts find applications in the cosmetics industry due to their beneficial properties. Extracts from macadamia nuts are used in the formulation of cosmetic products such as shampoos, lotions, moisturizers, and anti-aging creams, providing nourishment and skin benefits.
Raw macadamia nuts have a nutritional profile that makes them a rich source of essential nutrients. Here is a breakdown of their composition and nutritional content per 100 grams:
- Water: 1%
- Carbohydrates: 14%
- Fat: 76%
- Protein: 8%
In terms of energy content, 100 grams of macadamia nuts provide approximately 740 kilocalories.
They are also a significant source of various essential nutrients:
- Thiamine (Vitamin B1): 104% of the Daily Value (DV)
- Vitamin B6: 21% DV
- Other B vitamins
- Manganese: 195% DV
- Iron: 28% DV
- Magnesium: 37% DV
- Phosphorus: 27% DV
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