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Vietnamese Fruit
Thursday, February 21, 2019

Vietnamese Fruit

Vietnam is a country with strength in fruit trees, including many fruits well-known to the world, such as pomelo, dragon fruit, star apple, mango, durian, rambutan, longan, litchi and watermelon. However, the competitiveness and export of these fruits are low and incommensurate with the existing potential. To solve this problem, Vietnam is studying sustainable directions by making more investment to strengthen the material regions, develop the processing and preservation industry to meet international standards.

With advantages in climate and soil, Vietnam has a lot of large areas specializing in growing fruit trees, of which the South is considered the largest fruit-growing area in the country. According to the Cultivation Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, the South has over 400,000ha of fruit trees which yield over four million tonnes of fruit a year, (accounting for 52.6% of the acreage and 57.41% of the output of the country). The provinces of Tien Giang, Dong Nai, Vinh Long, Ben Tre and Dong Thap have the largest cultivated areas in the South. Notably, more and more growers have applied the advanced production models under the standards of VietGAP (Vietnamese Good Agricultural Practices) and GlobalGAP (Global Good Agricultural Practices) to create varieties of special kinds of fruit with high export value, such as Nam Roi pomelo, Hoang Hau dragon fruit, Tan Trieu pomelo, Lo Ren star apple and Hoa Loc mango.

According to the Cultivation Department of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, currently the whole country has approximately 900,000ha of fruit trees with a total output of about 10 million tonnes of fruit, in which the area for growing fruit trees for export is 255,000ha, yielding over 400,000 tonnes of fruit. The total export turnover is estimated to reach nearly 300 million USD a year. As planned, by 2020, the total area of fruit trees throughout the country will reach 1.1 million hectares and the total export will reach 1.2 billion USD a year.

Taking advantage of abundant sources of raw materials of high export value, many fruit processing enterprises in the country have availed themselves of every opportunity to invest in technology and human resources to process and export fresh fruit to the world market. Apart from exporting fresh fruit, they have conducted research to produce many types of processed fruit to provide for the market, such as dried fruit, moderately dried fruit, salted fruit, frozen fruit, canned fruit, fruit juice and fruit wine.

With the economic development, processed fruits and vegetable products are more popular in the market because they satisfy many requirements, such as the usability, food hygiene and safety, long-term preservation and diverse types and flavors. The volume of products and cost of transport are minimized.

 the fruit-processing industry in Vietnam has the potential to develop in the future. Fresh fruit processing and preserving technology is one of the leading research objectives that the Postharvest Department is following to increase the export value of Vietnamese fruits.


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