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Vietnam has a large sea area and favorable climate to develop seaweed culture. However, the seaweed farming area is only about 10,000 ha, with an output of more than 100,000 tons of fresh / year, mainly exported abroad.
In the central coastal provinces, seaweed cultivation and exploitation has become a profession for many fishermen. Among the types of seaweed here are seaweed, cartilaginous seaweed, apricot seaweed, the seaweed is exploited from the wild, traders go to the purchasing beach. In recent years, when coastal fisheries resources have exhausted, seaweed has become increasingly valuable. However, in recent years, the source of dried seaweed has been exhausted, the price has dropped sharply, causing the income of the seaweed cutter to decline.
Along with the natural source of seaweed, some fishermen have also planted types of seaweed such as: seaweed, grape seaweed, seaweed jam, cartilage ... Although there are many advantages in water, climate, but people are not too salty. but with algae cultivation. In Phu Yen province, seaweed has been cultivated for 20 years, the area of seaweed cultivation here has sometimes increased to 300 hectares but now only about 25 hectares.
Seaweed development will solve many problems such as reducing greenhouse gas emissions, cleaning the environment, and absorbing heavy metals. In farming areas, algae will absorb pollutants, clean the environment, and provide oxygen for the creatures.
In order to develop seaweed as a farming object that attracts many people, experts need to implement a number of solutions such as: Rational and effective exploitation of natural seaweed resources in the right season and properly technology, improve output, product quality, protect resources. Adding valuable new and high quality planting objects besides traditional seaweed object. Enhancing the process of processing and using seaweed materials, researching and applying seaweed colloids into industries and services.
Mr. Tran Dinh Luan, Deputy Director General of the General Department of Fisheries, said that in the near future, it is necessary to evaluate the potential seas, suitable for the subjects, from which to research and develop indigenous species into products. goods, high added value.
According to Luan, there is a need to pay attention to processing technology to make price-increasing products. Along with that is expanding domestic and foreign markets, promoting Vietnamese products made from algae, grown in Vietnam with high quality and value./.