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DIFFERNT TYPES OF COIR FIBER
Wednesday, July 24, 2019

DIFFERNT TYPES OF COIR FIBER

Sometime we get confuse to select what are the best coir fiber in the industry and some may think all the fiber out of coconut husk are same. But coconut fiber can classified or grade according to their quality. Today we are going to discuss the type of coconut coir fiber and how to make the best fiber out of coconut husk.

DIFFERNT TYPES OF COIR FIBER

If we consider about the coconut husk fibre ,there are three main types of Coir Fiber available such as

  1. Yarn Fiber – which is considering as the longest and finest type of fiber which widely uses to make mats and ropes?
  2. Bristle Fiber (Coarser fiber) – This is short staple type of fiber which widely use make brush.
  3. Curled Fiber – Partial mixture of bristles and yarn fiber.

From these mentioned three types of fiber yarn fiber consider as the best fiber

Manufacturing copra for create coconut oil and desiccated coconut are considered as the main product of coconut and the fiber created out of coconut husk and coconut shells are considered as a by-product on coconut industry.

MANUFACTURE METHODS OF COCONUT FIBRE

Processing of making coconut fiber out of coconut husk can mainly divide in to three main categories such as follows.

  1. Traditional manual method
  2. Semi Mechanical Method
  3. Modern Mechanical Method

Due to the recent technological development semi mechanical and modern mechanical methods are much used to manufacture coconut fiber. Tensile strength of dry coconut coir is bit less.

YARN COIR FIBER MANUFACTURE PROCESS

According to the type of fiber types, yarn fiber is the best among all other types of fibre. So we will discuss further about the manufacture process of yarn coir fiber.Most of yarn fibre is manufacture by using traditional methods which more focused on labor.

  1. Natural bacteriological methods are used to manufacture coir , for that coconut husks are put in to salt water until the pit of coconut husk get decompose. Normally husk is retted for ten months on back water or coastal salt water until coconut husk get softener.
  2. When coconut husk get enough soft coconut husk take out ant wash again to remove the dir of it.
  3. Then the remaining pith of coconut husk get remove and well beat on coconut husk manually to get extra soft.
  4. Then the husk part wash again and the beaten coconut husk get dry the fiber.
  5. The dry fiber again beat manually beat again for winnowing machine which consist number of saw like fixed knives.
  6. Fiber is spun in to yarn by entire by hand or get soft twist by hand wheal. Normally two wheels are required to spin the yarn coir.

By the process we can get high quality yarn coconut coir which got higher market value.The yarn coir created out of mentioned manufacturing process is grade again according to their quality and distinct which produce.

The yarn coir can grade such as hardtwist yarn and soft twist yarn the more about grading of yarn and extra details of hard and soft -twist will discuss in our future articles.



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