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Aug
4
Shrimp export is still "bright" in difficulties
Wednesday, August 4, 2021

On July 16, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development will hold a conference to discuss solutions to develop the shrimp industry in 2021 and implement the Prime Minister's Decision No. 339/QD-TTg dated March 11, 2021 on approving the Strategy. Vietnam's fisheries development strategy to 2030, with a vision to 2045.

The conference is especially important to assess the current situation of advantages and disadvantages, discuss solutions to overcome, and take advantage of opportunities to maintain the stable development of the shrimp industry in the new situation.

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Overcoming difficulties in the first 6 months of the year

According to the General Department of Fisheries, in 2021, Vietnam's shrimp industry will continue to face many difficulties, challenges and potential risks when the shrimp industry is developing hot, which may lead to abuse in the use of seed, feed food, environmental treatment products in aquaculture. The evolution of the Covid-19 epidemic and unpredictable international trade competition…

Export activities face a number of new challenges, especially changes in quarantine regulations for imported products in many countries, warnings about food safety. Some of Vietnam's main seafood import markets have had changes in food safety certification.

For example, South Korea requires shrimp products to meet regulations on heat treatment (cooked shrimp) to be exempt from quarantine. However, the heat treatment time according to Korean regulations is long, which significantly affects the color, taste, etc. of the product. The Brazilian market regulates the heat treatment regime much more strictly than the guidelines of the World Organization for Animal Health…

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For domestic production, the source of broodstock is still dependent on imported sources and exploited from the wild, only a part of domestic supply is available, not active in production. In the peak season of stocking, the key farming areas in the Mekong Delta still have a large number of shrimp seed imported from the South Central provinces without origin and have not been quarantined.

There are still many establishments that have not been inspected and granted certificates of eligibility to produce and nurture aquatic breeds according to the provisions of the Law on Fisheries, but are still granted quarantine certificates. These are facilities that do not meet the conditions and risk of disease outbreaks.

Besides, the production cost of shrimp in our country is still higher than that of other countries in the region. The reason is that shrimp feed still accounts for a high percentage of production costs (about 65% of the cost of industrial shrimp farming); The cost of seed is high due to the import of broodstock.

Many farming areas without electricity have to use generators to pump water, air fans and generate electricity (the cost is twice as high as using electricity); High cost of transportation of materials and raw materials.
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The technology of extensive shrimp farming is not suitable, productivity is low, and production efficiency is not high. Although the area is large, the output and value are low. The extensive shrimp farming area therefore needs breakthroughs in technical, scientific and technological solutions, in terms of seed (needs breeders with disease resistance and rapid growth).

According to the Directorate of Fisheries, the output of brackish water shrimp in the first 6 months of 2021 reached 371 thousand tons (up 12% over the same period in 2020), of which the output of black tiger shrimp reached 113 thousand tons and whiteleg shrimp reached 258 thousand tons. ton.

Optimism in the last 6 months of the year
Regarding shrimp exports, it is estimated that shrimp export turnover in the first 6 months of 2021 will reach 1.5 billion USD (of which, black tiger shrimp will reach 200 million USD, and whiteleg shrimp will reach 1.3 billion USD). In the first months of 2021, production activities continued to be maintained stably, and the price of raw shrimp increased, lasting from the end of 2020, stimulating businesses and farmers to invest in production.

However, in the last 1-2 months, the situation of the Covid-19 epidemic has complicatedly developed in the southern provinces, leading to a decrease in the price of raw shrimp and difficulties in product consumption.

The price of raw shrimp in the Mekong Delta is currently decreasing due to abundant supply and due to the impact of the Covid-19 epidemic, so it is difficult to purchase and transport. In Bac Lieu, the price of frozen black tiger shrimp is 20 pieces/kg, down 20,000 VND/kg compared to the previous month, down to 250,000 VND/kg; size 40 heads/kg, reduced 15,000 VND/kg to 145,000 VND/kg.

Price of frozen white shrimp size 60-70 pcs/kg decreased by 18,000 VND/kg, down to 98,000 - 105,000 VND/kg; size 100 pieces/kg reduced 8,000 VND/kg, down to 85,000 VND/kg…

According to the Directorate of Fisheries, in the last months of 2021, the world's shrimp import demand will increase again, especially in major markets such as Europe, the United States, Japan, China and South Korea. Meanwhile, shrimp supply from some countries such as India and some other suppliers will decrease due to the bad impact from the Covid-19 pandemic.

At the same time, Indian shrimp is currently subject to high anti-dumping duties by the US, and Vietnam's shrimp industry continues to have many opportunities due to preferential tariffs of the new generation Free Trade Agreement, especially the CPTTP Agreement. and EVFTA...

It is forecasted that Vietnam's shrimp exports in the last months of 2021 will continue to grow well due to the advantages of the FTA, ensuring stability in commercial shrimp farming and product processing when the Covid-19 epidemic is well controlled. 19.

With that in mind, the fisheries sector has set a plan for the whole year of 2011, maintaining and stably developing the brackish water shrimp farming area of 740,000 ha, of which 630 thousand ha are for black tiger shrimp farming and 110,000 ha are for white leg shrimp farming. Shrimp production of all kinds in 2021 will reach 980 thousand tons, of which black tiger shrimp 280 thousand tons, whiteleg shrimp 633 thousand tons (the rest is other shrimp). Shrimp export turnover reached 3.8 - 4 billion USD.



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