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Sea cucumber
Wednesday, February 13, 2019

Sea cucumber is an invertebrate marine animals shaped like leeches so called marine leeches. Sea cucumbers live in the deep waters and great water pressure; especially on sandy or dead coral, most concentrated at depths of 2-5 m, common in the Gulf and home to many reef.  In Vietnam, sea cucumbers are pretty much in the beach of Khanh Hoa, the Spratly Islands, Con Dao, Phu Quoc and Tho Chu ...

The ancients said that sea cucumbers have persistence and ability to regenerate. That is the nature of wood and water. Soft body length is due to water absorption with flexible curve of the wood gas. With these two features, the sea cucumber medicine such as ginseng should be called a sea cucumber.

According to traditional medicine, sea cucumber, salty, warm, the beneficial kidney fine, blood sugar apple profit, often used to treat diseases such as blood loss, damage to the weakness, impotence, mobile TV, romantic planet, urinate several times, constipation ... Abundant sea cucumber is useful

The use of sea cucumber:

- Sweet, salty,  warm, non-toxic.

- Effect: two dark kidney useful crystal, pitch, from sounds, Christmas fire. Treat depression, kidney, utility essence, physical strength and Christmas music fire, phlegm ranges, bird decreased urination, laxative, except frightened weak

- A useful and robust, especially good for the blood crystal case damage.

- To fill kidney crystals, suitable for heterosexual cases, impotence, nocturnal urination several times.

- From negative profit apples, used very well for people with constipation, consumption, thirst (diabetes).

- Quit the royal diuretic, suitable for cases of renal edema caused by and pathologic jaundice due to various reasons.

- A blood, which is used for cases of anemia.

- Anti-cancer, often used to treat cancer support case.


Therefore, from ancient times, the sea cucumber has been regarded as one of the "big four the state" (four famous foods) and monkey brains, bear and bird nests hands of traditional oriental cuisine and is known "ginseng of the sea." In terms of food, many y as sea cucumber meat dish is one of the eight "fine sorghum" oriental famous with bird nest, abalone, fin ...


According to the findings of modern nutrition, sea cucumber is one of the foods that are very rich nutritional value. Chinese Scientists estimate that for every 100 g of dried sea cucumber contains 76 g protein, 5 times higher compared with lean pork and 3.5 times higher than beef. Sea cucumbers also have high levels of your amino acid lysine, proline ... and many trace elements such as P, Cu, Fe ..., especially Se - a wonderful antidote, nullify the heavy metals enter the body through ingestion (such as Pb, Hg) to excretion in the urine. Also, in the composition of sea cucumber has many vitamins, hormones, bioactive substances, including two types of saponin is Rg (nervous excitement, fight fatigue and enhance strength) and Rh (which inhibit cancer cells).


Results of modern pharmacological research shows that sea cucumbers have the effect of strengthening the resistance and the immune capacity of the body, inhibit the growth and metastasis of cancer cells; against muscle fatigue, maintain active status; antioxidants; enhance neural activity and increased reflexes, psychological stability; additional hematopoietic elements, increase blood circulation, improve oxygen absorption and against myocardial tired. It also catalyzes the enzyme reaction, promote metabolism and uptake, increased protein synthesis. Moreover, due to the lipid contains very little cholesterol and almost no sea cucumber is an ideal food enrichment for people with dyslipidemia and coronary artery disease.


To achieve this goal both nutritious food and medicine, it is common to coordinate use of sea cucumbers with some food or other drugs processed into food - all very unique drugSea cucumbers, are an abundant and diverse group of worm-like and usually soft-bodied echinoderms. They are found in nearly every marine environment, but are most diverse on tropical shallow-water coral reefs. They range from the intertidal, where they may be exposed briefly at low tide, to the floor of the deepest oceanic trenches. The oldest undoubted fossils of sea cucumbers are of isolated spicules from the Silurian (ca. 400 million years ago; Gilliland, 1993). Considerable diversification has occurred since then with about 1400 living species in a variety of forms. Some of these are about 20 cm in length, though adults of some diminutive species may not exceed a centimeter, while one large species can reach lengths of 5 m (Synapta maculata). Several species can swim and there are even forms that live their entire lives as plankton, floating with the ocean currents.

Beneficialy: Economically, sea cucumbers are important in two main ways.

 First, some species produce toxins that are of interest to pharmaceutical firms seeking to learn their medical value. Some compounds isolated to date exhibit antimicrobial activity or act as anti-inflammatory agents and anticoagulants.

 Second, as a gourmet food item in the orient, they form the basis of a multimillion-dollar industry that processes the body wall for sale as beche-de-mer or trepang. However, the high value of some species, the ease with which such shallow-water forms can be collected and their top-heavy age structures all contribute to over-exploitation and collapse of the fisheries in some regions.

Like tofu, sea cucumber is flavorless, but has the ability to soak up the flavors of foods and

seasonings it is cooked with. It is used in soups, stir-fries, and certain braised dishes.

How to cook ?


To prepare the sea cucumber after it is collected, the internal organs are removed, and dirt and sand are washed out of the cavity. It is then boiled in salty water and dried in the air to preserve it. When readied for use in making food, the hard, dried sea cucumber is softened.

The process is quite lengthy, which is why this food tends to appear at special dinners and banquets more so than in day-to-day cuisine. To soften the dried sea cucumbers, the
instructions are: place the sea cucumbers in a pot and add cold water to cover; soak for at
least 12 hours; then cook over low heat for 1 to 2 hours; add more water, as necessary, to
make sure that the water always covers the cucumbers; remove from heat and let cool to
room temperature, then drain.

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